How do cavities form?

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Cavities are one of the most common oral related problems that people find themselves going to the dentist for, and yet many of us don’t even really know how cavities form. Sure, most of us learn when we are kids what to do to prevent cavities, from avoiding eating too much sugar and candy to always make sure to regularly brush and floss our teeth. But, even though most of us know how to prevent cavities, that doesn’t mean we all know how exactly the cavities form. So, let’s talk about it.

Cavities are a consequence of tooth decay, which takes place in multiple stages. When bacteria reside on the tooth for too long, it eventually inflicts damage on the enamel or hard surface of the tooth. Enamel is made up of a type of mineral, because of this, and despite its hard physicality, the enamel is prone to erosion via bacteria. Over time, this destruction (and the bacteria) makes its way past the enamel and even through the deeper levels and layers of the tooth when it coincides with what we know as tooth decay.

The process

The bacteria build up over time forms into plaque, and then into tartar, which both over time cause destruction to the enamel on your teeth. Without proper and consistent care, the plaque and tartar eventually eat away at the enamel which causes tiny holes to form in the tooth. This is the process of tooth decay. The acid in our diets can also cause these holes to grow larger over time and eventually they turn into cavities.

How to prevent cavities

It’s better to work to prevent cavities rather than to have to endure fillings to repair them. Prevention methods will save you time, money, and pain in the future. Make sure to maintain a consistent and proper oral care routine. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss your teeth at least once a day.

You can also maintain healthy teeth through your diet. Avoid sugars and starches, as the cavity forming bacteria feed off these substances. Also, avoiding foods and drinks that are high in acidity will help you prevent cavities from forming. One of the most important things to do to avoid cavity formation is to make sure to visit your dentist in Las Colinas at least twice a year for a cleaning.

If you have more questions about oral care and cavity prevention or are looking for a great dentist in Irving to visit for your biannual teeth cleanings, here at Cosmetic and Family Dentistry we can help. Our team of friendly and caring oral experts will be happy to help you’re your mouth in tip-top shape. Contact us today!